Cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat certain heart conditions. It involves threading a thin tube through a blood vessel to the heart. The tubes may be placed on the left or right side of your heart. A dye is often injected into these thin tubes to see the arteries that give blood to your heart.
Left heart catheterization
Catheterization of the left side of the heart is performed by passing a tube through the artery. It is used to assess:
Right heart catheterization
Catheterization of the right side of the heart is performed through the venous route. It helps in the assessment of the following parameters:
This procedure is preformed through an artery or vein in the wrist or groin via the arterial route or the venous route depending upon the heart condition, anatomical considerations and the preference of your doctor. The common steps involved in cardiac catheterization are the following:
Following the procedure, you may have to stay overnight in the hospital and should rest for at least six to 24 hours.