Sports Medicine

Don’t let an injury keep you from playing the game. Mayo Clinic Health System offers comprehensive orthopedic services for athletes and active individuals, including treatment for:

  • Back pain

    Back pain most commonly occurs from an injury to a muscle (strain) or ligament (sprain). Back pain can also result from critical injuries, such as a vertebral fracture or ruptured disk. Most back pain gets better within a few weeks. Schedule an office visit with us if your back pain:

    • Is constant or intense, especially at night or when you lie down
    • Spreads down one or both legs, especially if the pain extends below your knee
    • Causes weakness, numbness or tingling in one or both legs
    • Occurs with unintended weight loss
    • Occurs with swelling or redness on your back
  • Concussion

    A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or when the head and upper body are violently shaken. Concussions are common in contact sports, such as football, hockey and soccer. If you've had a concussion, your brain needs time to rest in order to recover and heal properly.

    Signs and symptoms of a concussion may include:

    • Headache or a feeling of pressure in the head 
    • Temporary loss of consciousness
    • Confusion or feeling as if in a fog
    • Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event
    • Dizziness or "seeing stars"
    • Ringing in the ears
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting 
    • Slurred speech  
    • Delayed response to questions
    • Appearing dazed
    • Fatigue
  • Dislocation

    A dislocation is an injury to your joint in which the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions. Your shoulder and fingers are common locations for a dislocation to occur. Other common places for a dislocation include your elbows, knees and hips.

    You may experience tingling or numbness near or below the injury, such as in your foot for a dislocated knee or in your hand for a dislocated elbow. If you have a dislocation, your joint may be:

    • Immovable
    • Intensely painful
    • Swollen or discolored
    • Visibly deformed or out of place

    If you have a history of dislocations, we can provide you with options to help prevent this from recurring. 

    One common site for a dislocation is your shoulder, which is a ball-and-socket joint. The ball is your upper arm bone (humerus), and the socket is part of your shoulder blade (scapula). In a shoulder dislocation, these two bones are forced from their normal positions.  

    Dislocated Shoulder
  • Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)

    The pain of tennis elbow occurs primarily where the tendons of your forearm muscles attach to the bony prominence on the outside of your elbow. The pain may result from tiny tears in the tendon.

    The pain associated with tennis elbow may radiate from the outside of your elbow into your forearm and wrist. Pain and weakness may make it difficult to:

    • Shake hands 
    • Turn a doorknob 
    • Hold a coffee cup 

    Make an appointment with our orthopedic team if rest, ice and use of over-the-counter pain relievers don’t ease your elbow pain and tenderness. 

    Tennis Elbow
  • Muscle and joint sprains and strains

    A sprain occurs when you overstretch or tear your ligaments — the tough bands of fibrous tissue that connects two bones together in your joints. The most common location for a sprain is in your ankle.

    A strain occurs when you overstretch or tear your muscle or tendon. A tendon is a fibrous cord of tissue that connects muscles to bones. Strains most likely occur in the lower back and in the hamstring muscle in the back of your thigh.

    To treat a sprain or a strain, use rest, ice, compression and elevation. If the injury is severe, you may need surgery to repair torn ligaments, muscles or tendons.

    Sprained Ankle

  • Rotator cuff injury

    The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround your shoulder joint, keeping the head of your upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder. If you're an athlete or individual who repeatedly performs overhead motions with your job or sport, you're most at risk for a rotator cuff injury.

    Rotator Cuff Injury